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The Origin of Carnival

Origin of Carnival (Saturnália) Photo / Reproduction: Rome Across Europe
Origin of Carnival (Saturnália) Photo / Reproduction: Rome Across Europe

The origin of Carnival comes from a popular demonstration prior to the Christian era, having started in Italy under the name of Saturnalia - a party in honor of Saturn. The deities of Greco-Roman mythology BACO and MOMO shared the honors in the celebrations, which took place in the months of November and December.

During the celebrations in Rome, there was an apparent breakdown of the hierarchy of society, as slaves, philosophers and tribunes mingled in the public square.
 
With the expansion of the Roman Empire, the parties became more lively and frequent. At the time, there were real bacchanals. At the beginning of the Christian era, the first signs of censorship of worldly festivities began to appear as the Catholic Church solidified.

Wanting to impose an austerity policy, the church determined that these celebrations should only be held before Lent.


The Italians then adopted the word Carnevale, suggesting that Carnival could be done - 'or whatever passed through their heads' before Lent, in a kind of meat abuse. The party arrived in Portugal in the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries, receiving the name Entrudo - that is, an introduction to Lent, through an aggressive and heavy game.

The event had an essentially gastronomic characteristic and was marked by entertainment interspersed with some violence.
 
Very thin wax spheres were made with the inside filled with sweet water and then thrown at people.

The most daring, however, began to inject into the 'oranges or lemons-of-smell', bad smelling and inappropriate substances and the party was losing its joy. It was exactly this violent entrudo that landed in Brazil.

Origin of Carnival (Saturnália) Photo / Reproduction: Rome Across Europe
Origin of Carnival (Saturnália) Photo / Reproduction: Rome Across Europe
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