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The Afoxés

Afoxé Filhos da Gandhy - Photo / Reproduction: Eduardo Freire (G1)
Afoxé Filhos da Gandhy - Photo / Reproduction: Eduardo Freire (G1)

In 1895, black Nagô organized the first afoxé, called 'African Embassy', which paraded with clothes and adornments imported from Africa. In the following year, the second afoxé appeared, the 'Pândegos da África', also organized by blacks. The groups represented houses of worship of African heritage and took to the streets singing and reciting sequences of songs and lyrics.

Afoxés were exhibited in Baixa dos Sapateiros, Taboão, Barroquinha and Pelourinho, while the big clubs paraded in more noble areas. Nine years later, another afoxé broke this tacit commitment and went up to Barroquinha and Ladeira de São Bento, generating protests in which the breach of this unwritten pact of the spatial division of classes and rhythms in Carnival was regretted. At this moment, there was a very serious spatial division in the city.

Dissidents of the Red Cross founded, in 1900, the Carnival Club 'Os Inocentes em Progresso'. The name of the club was inspired by a group of boys who passed by the place singing and playing in cans. In 1949, the year of the IV Centenary of the founding of the city of Salvador, the afoxé Filhos de Gandhy was founded by the dockworkers of the Port of Salvador, as a way to honor the great Indian pacifist leader murdered in 1948, Mahatma Gandhy.

Afoxé Filhos da Gandhy - Photo / Reproduction: Eduardo Freire (G1)
Afoxé Filhos da Gandhy - Photo / Reproduction: Eduardo Freire (G1)
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