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The story

History of Pernambuco Carnival - Photo: Iphan Collection
History of Pernambuco Carnival - Photo: Iphan Collection

At the end of the XNUMXth century there were organizations, called Companies, that met to celebrate the Feast of Kings. Most of these companies were made up of black people, slaves or not, who suspended their work and celebrated the day of the Holy Kings.

In the XNUMXth century, the Maracatu Nação appeared, called Maracatu de baque virado, which enacted the coronation of the Black King, the King of the Congo. The coronation was held at the Church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Rosário dos Pretos Church). With the abolition of slavery, carnivalesque associations based on maracatus and the festivities of Reis Magos began to appear.

The first known carnival club was the Clube dos Caiadores, created by Antônio Valente. The club's participants came to the Matriz de São José, in the neighborhood of São José, executing marches. Its participants, carrying buckets, cans of paint, ladders and sticks with paintbrushes in their hands, climbed the church steps and fell (painted), symbolically.

In the XNUMXth century, Recife already had several carnival and recreational societies, including two clubs (still existing today): Clube Internacional do Recife and Clube Português do Recife, initially called Tuna Portuguesa, in addition to Recreativa Juventude. The street carnival was held in the streets of Concórdia, Imperatriz and Nova, with parades of masked men (papangus and pillowcase masks).

The Corso

The advent of the automobile brought a different parade: the Corsican. Initially composed of horse-drawn cars, then those with motor traction, which left the main club of the city at the time. The vehicles were decorated and the boys and girls paraded singing marches of the time, accompanied by fanfare. Initially the participants used jetons and smelling orange, small containers containing perfumed water, which was thrown at the other participants. Then, water and talc were used.

The Cock of the Dawn

The parade, through the main streets of downtown Recife, consisted of mostly open vehicles, with predominance of pickup trucks, trucks and Jeeps without a roof. It was held on the nights of the pre-carnival week and on the days of carnival, during the day.

Club Parades

Carnival clubs, samba schools, maracatus, caboclinhos and bears paraded through the streets of Recife, and presented themselves before judging commissions that arose thanks to the citizens of the cities. The mocks have a tradition of accommodating most tourists.


The Corsican disappeared in the 1980s, and with the gradual deactivation of club parades on street walkways, this parade was decentralized, creating spots of entertainment in the neighborhoods of Recife. Carnival clubs were reduced (in number and in participation), while other groups appeared, with new characteristics: Galo da Madrugada, Bloco da Parceria, which presented themselves on a specific date. The revitalization of the Recife Antigo neighborhood brought again the participatory street carnival, accompanied by presentations by associations and singers.

There is currently the so-called Multicultural Carnival, organized by the city hall, which has disputes in several categories of carnival associations. Considered as the most democratic carnival in the world, where revelers do not have to pay to play; it is just having the will, joy and a lot of disposition to have fun on carnival days. The samba schools parade in the São José neighborhood, and for the Special Group 2009, Gigante, Galeria do Ritmo, Deixa-Falar, Imperadores do Samba and Unidos de São Carlos are initially planned. The traditional Children and Adolescents will be part of group 1.

Source: Wikipedia

History of Pernambuco Carnival - Photo: Iphan Collection
History of Pernambuco Carnival - Photo: Iphan Collection
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